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Facts About Equatorial Guinea | Equatorial Guinea Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Equatorial Guinea - Category: Introduction - Background: Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 and 2002 presidential elections - as well as the 1999 and 2004 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, there have been few improvements in the population's living standards.

Category: Government - Legal system: partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Category: People - Death rate (deaths/1,000 population): 9.72 deaths/1,000 population (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: .517 billion (31 December 2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Category: Transportation - Airports - with paved runways: total: 5; 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1; 914 to 1,523 m: 1; under 914 m: 2 (2007)

Category: Communications - Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)

Category: Military - Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 6,784; female: 6,543 (2008 estimate)

Category: Transnational Issues - Disputes - international: in 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River and imprecisely defined maritime coordinates in the ICJ decision delay final delimitation; UN urges Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane and lesser islands and to create a maritime boundary in the hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay

Other random facts about Equatorial Guinea 

  1. Economy - GDP (purchasing power parity): .62 billion (2008 estimate)

  2. Government - Capital: name: Malabo; geographic coordinates: 3 45 N, 8 47 E; time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

  3. Economy - Exports: .82 billion f.o.b. (2008 estimate)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2028.html